Science and Technology

smoke-towers There is no way an agreement can be reached between parties involved (the environmentally-minded public versus industry and governments), that would satisfy the concerns of both during Climate talks. The public will never be satisfied with low quotas, neither will industries agree to limiting factory outputs, nor governments allow national economies to struggle.

And how effective are the Climate talks when industrial nations can negotiate the “purchase” or trade of CO2 quotas from developing or non-industrial countries in order to circumvent the quota rule? How effective are the Climate talks when industrial nations (like Japan) set their targets way below of anything that impacts change in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions?

A more long-term solution is necessary, and one that could satisfy both. How about finding a scientific solution to neutralising greenhouse gas and CO2 emissions? I’m sure governments and industries will finance the research on that. Of course, it will still be necessary to set quotas, but a Plan B should also be considered, since Plan A falls short of reducing the pollution.

COP15: United Nations Climate Change Conference, Copenhagen 2009
Adopt a Negotiator: Help track negotiations as they head towards the UN Climate Conference in December 2009
Home by Yann Arthus-Bertrand

Six thousand years ago, a great civilisation was born. They were the Sumerians, who lived in what is now modern-day Iraq. Zecharia Sitchin discovered through their ancient texts, that humankind was created by extra-terrestrial beings, the Anunnaki, who come from a 12th planet, which Sumerians called Nibiru. The book of Genesis in the Bible is based on Sumerian narratives.

X-Facts Research
The Official Website of Zecharia Sitchin
Sumerian Origin of Humans

The reality you want to achieve is all a matter of quantum physics. Or is it the power of positive thinking?

see also: Quantum Physics: The Double-Slit Experiment

power_station_cooling_tower.jpg As we all know, coal is a non-renewable energy source, but enough of it can be found in the United States, which at today’s level of consumption can last for over 200 years. But coal burnt gives off carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas responsible for global warming.

Coal-based power plants in the United States have been using 100 billion gallons of cooling water daily in the production of energy. A joint research is being conducted between the Nalco Company and Argonne National Laboratory to develop technologies in re-using and recovering cooling water used by these power plants.

Reserves of petroleum, another source of energy will be at current consumption levels, depleted in the very near future. There are other alternatives such as wind and solar energy, geo-thermal, and by far the most promising environment-friendly alternative, bio-fuel, a renewable energy source.

Coal-based power plants is probably the most harmful of energy sources for the environment.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory
The Kyoto Protocol
Planet Under Pressure: Guide to Climate Change
The Big Emitters
Investigation Reveals Widespread Suppression of Federal Climate Research
Germany Plans CO2-Free Power Plant

biofuel_in_Germany.gif Biofuel: Biofuel is a renewable energy source, unlike other natural resources such as petroleum, coal and nuclear fuels. It is seen by many as a way to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by using them to replace non renewable sources of energy. Agricultural products and waste from industry, agriculture, forestry, and households can be used for the production of bio-energy.

Argonne National Laboratory: Researcher Michael Wang addresses energy and environmental impacts of fuel ethanol as a substitute for gasoline in transportation fuels. Wang concludes though that energy balance value alone is not meaningful in evaluating the benefit of ethanol or any other energy product. For proper evaluation, a product’s energy balance must be compared with that of the product it replaces. Compared to gasoline, any type of ethanol fuel substantially helps reduce fossil energy and petroleum use. Ethanol produced from corn can achieve moderate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Ethanol produced from “cellulosic” plants, such as grass and weeds, can achieve much greater energy and greenhouse gas benefits.

Germany’s Bio-Energy Accomplishments: Bio-fuels represent the most promising alternative to conventional fuels in Germany, and bio-diesel represents the most popular of biofuels. Bio-ethanol also exists, derived from plants rich in sugar and starch.

During the last few years, the sale of bio-diesel in Germany has doubled. In 2004, a million tons of bio-diesel was produced. The actual annual consumption of 300,000 vehicles is 376 million litres of bio-diesel. With government subsidies through tax exemption until 2009, bio-diesel has become the most important alternative to fossil fuels.

leucinezip-tm.jpg Folding@home, a non-profit research project at Stanford University is trying to understand the structure of proteins so they can develop better treatments for a number of illnesses. By enabling your computer to work on complex problems when it would otherwise be idle, the work it does is automatically sent via the Internet to researchers who combine it with information sent by thousands of other users.

Folding@Home is a distributed computing project which studies protein folding, misfolding, aggregation, and related diseases. Through computational methods and large scale distributed computing which allows the simulation of folding for the first time, this is a more direct approach to examining folding related disease.

The Folding@Home Distributed Computing