The Historical City of Samarra: Samarra is located on the east bank of the middle Tigris in Iraq, 125 km north of Baghdad and was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphs in the 9th century. It is one of the largest archaeological sites in the world.

Mesopotamia

Scores Killed in Samarra: The US military in Iraq has launched a major offensive against insurgents in the town of Samarra, north of Baghdad. In an assault that began overnight, US and Iraqi government troops, backed by armoured vehicles and warplanes, advanced through the city neighbourhood by neighbourhood.

Meanwhile, in Baghdad, nine members of radical Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr’s militia and three civilians are reported to have been killed during clashes with US forces in the Sadr City area. Thursday saw a triple bomb attack in the city kill more than 40 people, most of them children.

Attacks on Iraq

01 May 2003: Bush Says Military Phase in Iraq Has Ended: Mr. Bush’s speech tonight, 43 days after he announced to the nation from the Oval Office that the war had begun with a surprise bombing of a compound where Mr. Hussein had been sighted, ended the combat phase of one of the swiftest wars in American military history…

Speaking from the deck of the aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln before thousands of uniformed sailors and aviators as the ship approached San Diego Harbor, he argued that by vanquishing Mr. Hussein’s government, he had removed “an ally of Al Qaeda, “and he vowed to continue to search for banned weapons in Iraq–a search that so far has been largely unsuccessful…

President Bush Announces Major Combat Operations in Iraq Have Ended